All about milk

Milk is unique because no other beverage in the world contains as many natural nutrients.

Facts about milk

  • Milk is a healthy low fat drink.
  • Whole milk contains less than 4% fat.
  • Semi skimmed milk contains less than 2% fat.
  • Skimmed milk is virtually fat free (0.1 – 0.3% fat).
  • A 200ml glass of milk provides 37% of an adult’s daily calcium requirement.
  • Once a child reaches 5 years of age and is a good eater they could move from drinking whole milk to semi-skimmed.
  • Milk and dairy foods are great sources of protein, calcium, phosphorus, vitamins and many other healthy nutrients.
  • Calcium, protein and potassium help muscle function – so the various bits of your body will go where you want them to.
  • Vitamin B12 is great for helping to make red blood cells, which carry oxygen round the body.
  • Vitamins B2 and B12, calcium, iodine and phosphorus all do their bit to help process energy efficiently.
  • Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal vision.
  • Calcium is needed for the growth and maintenance of normal bones and teeth.

Facts about cows

  • There are over 250,000 dairy cows in Scotland.
  • A cow must have a calf in order to produce milk and is around 2 years old when she has her first calf.
  • Cows produce an average of around 20 litres of milk each day.
  • A new born calf weighs 50kg and an adult cow around 650kg.
  • Cows are ruminants, which are cud chewing mammals, so are sheep and camels.
  • Contrary to popular belief, cows do not have 4 stomachs; they have 1 stomach with 4 compartments.
  • Cows have 32 teeth – the same as a fully grown adult, but have no top front teeth just a tough pad of skin.
  • Cows can eat up to 100kg of grass and drink 120 litres of water every day.
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